Assessment the association between liver cancer incidence and mortality rate with human development index in the European countries in 2012

Main Article Content

Mujtaba Shuja Sarah Islamie Farsani Hamid Salehiniya Salman Khazaei Mahdi Mohammadian Mohammad Aryaie Pezhman Bagheri Fatemeh Allah Bakeshei Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani

Abstract

Background: Liver Cancer (LC) is one of the most common cancers in the worldwide. This cancer is considered as the fifth most common cancer in male and the ninth most common cancer in female. However, socioeconomic factors and morbidity and mortality of cancer are linked by sophisticated and flexible pathways. We were investigated the association between incidence and mortality of LC with the Human Development Index (HDI) in European countries in 2012. Methods: This study was an ecologic study in European countries for assessment the correlation between Age-Specific Incidence Rate (ASIR) and Age-Specific Mortality Rate (ASMR) of LC with HDI and its details including: Life expectancy at birth, Mean years of schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. We used of Pearson correlation method for appraisement the association between HDI and its components with ASIR and ASMR. Data of study was analyzed by SPSS15 statistical analysis software; the significance level of the tests was considered P˂0.05. Results: Generally in 2012, European countries have recorded 63,462 new cases of LC, crude rate was 8.6 and ASIR was 4.3 per 100,000. On the other hand in Europe countries in 2012, 62,191 cases of deaths were occurred due to LC, crude rate was 8.4 and ASMR was 3.9 per 100,000. Strong positive Correlation was observed between ASIR and ASMR (r = 0.848; P ≤ 0.001). HDI have weak negative correlation with ASIR of LC (r = - 0.194; P = 0.230), and strong negative correlation with ASMR of LC(r= - 0.515; P = 0.001). Conclusion: Increase in the human development index was associated with reduce in incidence and mortality of LC.

References

Bray, F., Jemal, A., Grey, N., Ferlay, J., and Forman, D. (2012). Global cancer transitions according to the Human Development Index (2008–2030): a population-based study. The lancet oncology 13, 790-801.
Chang, M.-H., Chen, C.-J., Lai, M.-S., Hsu, H.-M., Wu, T.-C., Kong, M.-S., Liang, D.-C., Shau, W.-Y., and Chen, D.-S. (1997). Universal hepatitis B vaccination in Taiwan and the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in children. New England Journal of Medicine 336, 1855-1859.
Ferlay, J., Bray, F., Pisani, P., and Parkin, D. (2001). Cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide, version 1.0. IARC CancerBase.
Ferlay, J., Shin, H.R., Bray, F., Forman, D., Mathers, C., and Parkin, D.M. (2010). Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. International journal of cancer 127, 2893-2917.
Ferlay, J., Soerjomataram, I., Dikshit, R., Eser, S., Mathers, C., Rebelo, M., Parkin, D.M., Forman, D., and Bray, F. (2015). Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012. International journal of cancer 136, E359-E386.
Ferlay, J., Soerjomataram, I., Ervik, M., Dikshit, R., Eser, S., Mathers, C., Rebelo, M., Parkin, D., Forman, D., and Bray, F. (2014). GLOBOCAN 2012 v1. 0, Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11. 2013. International Agency for Research on Cancer Web site Available online: http://globocan iarc fr (accessed on 24 November 2014).
Foulkes, W.D., and Cooney, K.A. (2010). Male Reproductive Cancers (Springer).
Franceschi, S., and Wild, C.P. (2013). Meeting the global demands of epidemiologic transition–The indispensable role of cancer prevention. Molecular oncology 7, 1-13.
Ghoncheh, M., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., and Salehiniya, H. (2015). Incidence and mortality of breast cancer and their relationship to development in Asia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 16, 6081-6087.
Hall, A.J., and Wild, C.P. (2003). Liver cancer in low and middle income countries. Bmj 326, 994-995.
Hassanipour-Azgomi, S., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Ghoncheh, M., Towhidi, F., Jamehshorani, S., and Salehiniya, H. (2016). Incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and their relationship with the Human Development Index worldwide. Prostate International.
Mackay, J. (2006). The cancer atlas (Amer Cancer Society).
Malik, K. (2013). Human development report 2013. The rise of the south: Human progress in a diverse world. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World (March 15, 2013) UNDP-HDRO Human Development Reports.
Mohammadian, M., Soroush, A., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Towhidi, F., Hadadian, F., and Salehiniya, H. (2015). Incidence and Mortality of Liver Cancer and Their Relationship with Development in Asia. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 17, 2041-2047.
Pakzad, R., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Ghoncheh, M., Pakzad, I., and Salehiniya, H. (2015a). The incidence and mortality of lung cancer and their relationship to development in Asia. Translational lung cancer research 4, 763.
Pakzad, R., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Ghoncheh, M., Pakzad, I., and Salehiniya, H. (2015b). The incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and its relationship with development in Asia. Prostate international 3, 135-140.
Pakzad, R., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Khosravi, B., Soltani, S., Pakzad, I., Mohammadian, M., Salehiniya, H., and Momenimovahed, Z. (2016). The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer and their relationship to development in Asia. Annals of translational medicine 4.
Pakzad, R., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Mohammadian, M., Pakzad, I., Safiri, S., Khazaei, S., and Salehiniya, H. (2015c). Incidence and Mortality of Bladder Cancer and their Relationship with Development in Asia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 16, 7365-7374.
Rafiemanesh, H., Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A., Ghoncheh, M., Sepehri, Z., Shamlou, R., Salehiniya, H., Towhidi, F., and Makhsosi, B. (2015). Incidence and Mortality of Colorectal Cancer and Relationships with the Human Development Index across the World. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 17, 2465-2473.
Wei, K.-R., Yu, X., Zheng, R.-S., Peng, X.-B., Zhang, S.-W., Ji, M.-F., Liang, Z.-H., Ou, Z.-X., and Chen, W.-Q. (2014). Incidence and mortality of liver cancer in China, 2010. Chin J cancer 33, 388-394.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
SHUJA, Mujtaba et al. Assessment the association between liver cancer incidence and mortality rate with human development index in the European countries in 2012. Biomedical Research and Therapy, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 03, p. 1185-1197, mar. 2017. ISSN 2198-4093. Available at: <http://www.bmrat.org/index.php/BMRAT/article/view/156>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.15419/bmrat.v4i03.156.
Section
Research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)