The senility tsunami in Iran

Main Article Content

Hamidreza Sadeghi Gandomani Mahshid Ghoncheh Hamid Salehiniya


One of the achievements of the 21st century is the aging population (Angus and Reeve, 2006). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), senility is passing the 60th birthday (Bengtson and Allen, 2009). According to forecasts, by 2050, the population of the world 65-year-old age group will reach over 1.4 billion people from 550 million. It means that the world's aging index, rising from 24 people in 1950 to 33 people in 2000, will increase to 101 people in 2050 (Christensen et al., 2009). Currently, due to lower birth rates, increased life expectancy, health promotion, and disease detection, Iran is also in the age structure transition phase of the population from youth to senility (Noroozian, 2012). Therefore, elderly people are considered as the largest population group in Iran. According to the census conducted in 2016, the ratio of the elderly of Iran reached 6.1% in the past five years from 5.7% (Yearbook, 2017). It is anticipated that by 2050, the Iran’s elderly population will reach 31.5% of the total population of the country (Yearbook, 2013, 2017). Due to the WHO, the world's elderly population will reach 21.5% in 2050 and 24% in Asia (Organization, 2009), according to which the population of the elderly people in Iran will be higher than the whole world average and the Asia average till 4 years (Yearbook, 2017). This demographic crisis in Iran can be called the senility tsunami, which can be debatable in various aspects including social, economic, health, medical, and political, in developing countries like Iran.

Peer Review Details

  • Peer review method: NO (Peer-reviewers: 0) Peer-review policy
  • Plagiarism software screening?: Yes
  • Date of Original Submission: 02 August 2017
  • Date accepted: 16 August 2017
  • Peer reviewers approved by: Dr. Lili Hami
  • Editor who approved publication: Dr. Phuc Van Pham



  1. Angus, J., and Reeve, P. (2006). Ageism: A threat to "aging well" in the 21st century. Journal of Applied Gerontology 25, 137-152.

  2. Bengtson, V.L., and Allen, K.R. (2009). The life course perspective applied to families over time. In Sourcebook of family theories and methods (Springer), pp. 469-504.

  3. Bloom, D.E., Boersch-Supan, A., McGee, P., and Seike, A. (2011). Population aging: facts, challenges, and responses. Benefits and compensation International 41, 22. Christensen, K., Doblhammer, G., Rau, R., and Vaupel, J.W. (2009). Ageing populations: the challenges ahead. The lancet 374, 1196-1208.

  4. Harper, S. (2014). Economic and social implications of aging societies. Science 346, 587-591.

  5. Herrmann, N., Tam, D.Y., Balshaw, R., Sambrook, R., Lesnikova, N., Lanctôt, K.L., and Investigators, C.O.S.i.D. (2010). The relation between disease severity and cost of caring for patients with Alzheimer disease in Canada. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 55, 768-775.

  6. Karel, M.J., Gatz, M., and Smyer, M.A. (2012). Aging and mental health in the decade ahead: what psychologists need to know. American Psychologist 67, 184.

  7. Lee, R., and Mason, A. (2010). Some macroeconomic aspects of global population aging. demography 47, S151-S172.

  8. Lee, R.D., and Mason, A. (2011). Population aging and the generational economy: A global perspective (Edward Elgar Publishing).

  9. Noroozian, M. (2012). The elderly population in iran: an ever growing concern in the health system. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences 6, 1.

  10. Organization, W.H. (2009). World health statistics 2009 (World Health Organization).

  11. Rossat, A., Fantino, B., Nitenberg, C., Annweiler, C., Poujol, L., Herrmann, F., and Beauchet, O. (2010). Risk factors for falling in community-dwelling older adults: which of them are associated with the recurrence of falls? The journal of nutrition, health & aging 14, 787-791.

  12. Syed, S.B., Dadwal, V., Rutter, P., Storr, J., Hightower, J.D., Gooden, R., Carlet, J., Nejad, S.B., Kelley, E.T., and Donaldson, L. (2012). Developed-developing country partnerships: benefits to developed countries? Globalization and Health 8, 17.

  13. Yearbook, I.S. (2013). Statistical Center of Iran. Tehran, Iran.

  14. Yearbook, I.S. (2017). Statistical Center of Iran. Tehran, Iran.



Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
SADEGHI GANDOMANI, Hamidreza; GHONCHEH, Mahshid; SALEHINIYA, Hamid. The senility tsunami in Iran. Biomedical Research and Therapy, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 08, p. 1558-1561, aug. 2017. ISSN 2198-4093. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 sep. 2017. doi:
Letter to Editor

Most read articles by the same author(s)