journal description

Biomedical Research and Therapy (ISSN 2198-4093) is the major forum for basic and translational research into therapies. An international peer-reviewed journal, it publishes high quality open access research articles with a special emphasis on basic, translational and clinical research into molecular therapeutics and cellular therapies, including animal models and clinical trials. The journal also provides reviews, viewpoints, commentaries and reports. 

Biomedical Research and Therapy's Editorial Policies follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for guidance on policies and procedures related to publication ethics. The journal is published monthly, 12 issues per year.

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Research articles

Safety assessment of essential oils from Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) fruit from Nigeria

by Ekeanyanwu R., Mgbedo N., Njoku A.

Summary: The essential oils of Xylopia aethiopica fruits have been reported to possess numerous biochemical effects. However, no toxicological data is available regarding the safety evaluation of the essential oils from the plant spice. The present study was performed to evaluate the safety of essential oils from X. aethiopica (XAEO) fruit by acute and sub-acute oral toxicity studies in experimental rodents.

Reviews

COVID-19 around the world and the Chinese strategy to cope with SARS-CoV-2

by Shereen M., Ullah H., Khan S., Bashir N., Kazmi A., Saif K., Qudus M.

Summary: SARS-CoV-2, a zoonotic virus, emerged in China causes Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Senior citizens and people with co-infections, genetic diseases, immune-compromised states, and cardiovascular diseases are at higher risk. There is no approved vaccine or drug available to treat COVID-19, although a few antivirals, interferon, and other drugs have reduced viral load in infected patients. However, these drugs have not been significantly effective in European countries. More than 40 different strains of SARS-CoV-2 have been detected in various parts of the world; they might have adapted themselves to the environmental conditions and have become resistant to therapeutic strategies. Many developed and developing countries are facing shortages of surgical masks and other protection tools. So far, the strategies developed by Chinese authorities have efficiently mitigated the SARS-CoV-2 transmission and limited mortality rate to less than 4%, with more than 78,000 people recovered from COVID-19. This review article highlights the pandemic conditions in different parts of the world, as well as possible reasons behind minimal COVID-19 infections and the high mortality rates. It will discuss information about China’s strategies to cope with SARS-CoV-2 which can help other countries to mitigate viral spread and infection.

Research articles

Aqueous extract of Azadirachta indica leaves favorably alters the course of streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats: A comparative prospective cohort study

by Ezeigwe O., Ezeonu F., Okani C., Onwusulu D., Onuegbu M.

Summary: Azadirachta indica (neem) is one of the plants commonly used in African traditional medicine for the treatment and management of diabetes mellitus. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of A. indica leaves on hematology, lipid profile and organ-system function of streptozotocin-induced diabetic male rats.

Reports

Comparative cytotoxic effects of methanol, ethanol and DMSO on human cancer cell lines

by Nguyen S., Nguyen H., Truong K.

Summary: Anti-tumor drug screening is the most popular technique in drug discovery. In this technique, various agents were tested for their cytotoxicity on cell lines, particularly cancer cell lines. Since most of these agents are weakly soluble in water, they can be normally dissolved in lipophilic solvents. To obtain accurate results, the requirement of these solvents are that they be biocompatible and non-toxic to cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological effects of the three agents most commonly used as drug vehicles, i.e. dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethanol and methanol, using cell proliferation measurement techniques.

Reports

Dynamics of the microbiological scope and antibiotic susceptibility in intensive care unit patients

by Olga K., Elena Y., Sviatoslav K., Dmytro D., Kostiantyn D.

Summary: This study addresses and evaluates the decrease of antibiotic resistance after introduction of a proposed prevention plan and control complex in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Research articles

Antioxidant effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Ashrasi date palm in hepatotoxicity caused by mercuric chloride administration

by Roshankhah S., Shabanizadeh A., Abdolmaleki A., Salahshoor M.

Summary: date palm (ADP) is a flowering plant type of the palm family which has strong antioxidant properties. Mercuric chloride (MC) is a complex substance that generates oxidative stress. This study was designed to investigate the protective effects of ADP on the , inflammatory, oxidative and apoptotic changes induced by MC.

Research articles

Evaluation of the role of kras gene in colon cancer pathway using string and Cytoscape software

by Menon S., Elengoe A.

Research articles

Personalized correction of lipid metabolism in blood of inhabitants of the metropolis under high technogenic load

by Martusevich A., Karuzin K.

Summary: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of personalized correction of violations of fat metabolism when using an individually prescribed vitamin and mineral complex.

Research articles

In vitro antimicrobial activity of hydrosol from Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. against Helicobacter pylori and Candida albicans

by Hung T., Trang P., Viet H., Lan N., Ngan L., Hieu T.

Reports

Allergic rhinitis complicated by hypertrophy of the mucous membrane of nasal turbinates in patients of Northern Vietnam

by Ivanovich K., Bondareva G., Thao N.

Summary: Constant contact with allergens contributes to the formation of allergic rhinitis and swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity. Moreover, constant inflammation stimulates hypertrophy of the mucous membrane of the nasal turbinates and paranasal sinuses. This study aimed to assess the clinical features of hypertrophic rhinitis (HR) in combination with allergic rhinitis (AR) in patients from Northern Vietnam to improve the effectiveness of treatment and quality of life of patients with this pathology of the nasal cavity.

Reviews

SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: causes and current situation, historical lessons, and strategical therapeutic interventions

by Shereen M., Kazmi A.

Summary: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which caused an initial outbreak in China, now has 40 strains with infections in more than 200 countries worldwide, according to scientists. To date, 4,121,777 people have become infected and 280,868 people died as a result of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with many patients still under critical condition. The SARS-CoV-2 is phylogenetically similar to SARS-like bat viruses and, thus, bats can be a key host for SARS-CoV-2. Many viruses have been transmitted to humans due to the consumption of wild birds and animals as a food source. The lack of vaccine, improper containment, and diagnostic strategies by various countries have converted COVID-19 into a global pandemic. The lockdown conditions in developing countries may produce economic crises. COVID-19 patients can suffer from mental distress, partly resulting from quarantine restrictions, and therefore, there is dire need for mental counseling. The combination of previously used broad-spectrum antibiotics, antiviral and anti-parasite agents, and interferon have reduced viral infection at higher and frequent doses. Many patients have been discharged after clinical recovery, though COVID-19 can still leave severe adverse effects on patients. The use of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) has led to recovery of 90% of COVID-19 patients in China. The current review article highlights the current situation, the major causes which have led to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as strategical interventions to control the pandemic and cure infected patients.

Research articles

The effects of monocusp valve implantation and transannular patch angioplasty on pulmonary regurgitation and right ventricular failure after total correction of tetralogy of fallot

by Samadi M., Khoshfetrat M., Keykha A., Javadi S.

Summary: Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is often known as an acquired condition after surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the use of monocusp valve (MV) implantation and transannular patch (TAP) angioplasty on PR and right ventricular (RV) failure following surgery to repair TOF.

Research articles

Prophylactic treatment of ischemic stroke with Coffea arabica in rats: A preliminary study

by Khanum A., Shakir L., -ur-Rehman Z., Khan T., Najam K., Saeed N., Khan M., Nazeer A., Nazir T., Aslam S.

Summary: Ischemic stroke is the third leading cause of death worldwide. The purpose of the current study was to assess the preliminary effects of Coffea arabica (CA) in experimentally-induced stroke in an animal model in the context of neuroprotection. The study was also designed to document the prophylactic use of CA in patients experiencing stroke symptoms.

Research articles

The predictive value of vascular endothelial growth factor-A gene polymorphism for clinical outcomes among acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients: A single center prospective study

by Kutia I., Kopytsya M., Hilova Y., Petyunina O., Berezin A.

Summary: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiopoetic factor; its variability in circulating levels is mediated by expression of specific VEGF-A gene variants. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive role of VEGF-A gene polymorphism in clinical outcomes of STelevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients.


 

 

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Editors' quote

 


Phuc Van Pham, Editor-in-Chief

Biomedical Science is an important scientific field that directly effects to diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. The journal provides an important avenue of publication in translational aspects of biomedical research and therapy spanning from in vitro to preclinical studies, clinical research and commercialization.
 
 

Affiliation

Biomedical Research and Therapy (ISSN 2198-4093) is the official journal of Stem Cell Institute, University of Science, VNUHCM, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam.
 
 
 

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