journal description

Biomedical Research and Therapy (ISSN 2198-4093) is the major forum for basic and translational research into therapies. An international peer-reviewed journal, it publishes high quality open access research articles with a special emphasis on basic, translational and clinical research into molecular therapeutics and cellular therapies, including animal models and clinical trials. The journal also provides reviews, viewpoints, commentaries and reports. 

Biomedical Research and Therapy's Editorial Policies follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for guidance on policies and procedures related to publication ethics. The journal is published monthly, 12 issues per year.

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Research articles

Antioxidant effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Ashrasi date palm in hepatotoxicity caused by mercuric chloride administration

by Roshankhah S., Shabanizadeh A., Abdolmaleki A., Salahshoor M.

Summary: date palm (ADP) is a flowering plant type of the palm family which has strong antioxidant properties. Mercuric chloride (MC) is a complex substance that generates oxidative stress. This study was designed to investigate the protective effects of ADP on the , inflammatory, oxidative and apoptotic changes induced by MC.

Research articles

Evaluation of the role of kras gene in colon cancer pathway using string and Cytoscape software

by Menon S., Elengoe A.

Research articles

Personalized correction of lipid metabolism in blood of inhabitants of the metropolis under high technogenic load

by Martusevich A., Karuzin K.

Summary: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of personalized correction of violations of fat metabolism when using an individually prescribed vitamin and mineral complex.

Research articles

In vitro antimicrobial activity of hydrosol from Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. against Helicobacter pylori and Candida albicans

by Hung T., Trang P., Viet H., Lan N., Ngan L., Hieu T.

Reports

Allergic rhinitis complicated by hypertrophy of the mucous membrane of nasal turbinates in patients of Northern Vietnam

by Ivanovich K., Bondareva G., Thao N.

Summary: Constant contact with allergens contributes to the formation of allergic rhinitis and swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity. Moreover, constant inflammation stimulates hypertrophy of the mucous membrane of the nasal turbinates and paranasal sinuses. This study aimed to assess the clinical features of hypertrophic rhinitis (HR) in combination with allergic rhinitis (AR) in patients from Northern Vietnam to improve the effectiveness of treatment and quality of life of patients with this pathology of the nasal cavity.

Reviews

SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: causes and current situation, historical lessons, and strategical therapeutic interventions

by Shereen M., Kazmi A.

Summary: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which caused an initial outbreak in China, now has 40 strains with infections in more than 200 countries worldwide, according to scientists. To date, 4,121,777 people have become infected and 280,868 people died as a result of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with many patients still under critical condition. The SARS-CoV-2 is phylogenetically similar to SARS-like bat viruses and, thus, bats can be a key host for SARS-CoV-2. Many viruses have been transmitted to humans due to the consumption of wild birds and animals as a food source. The lack of vaccine, improper containment, and diagnostic strategies by various countries have converted COVID-19 into a global pandemic. The lockdown conditions in developing countries may produce economic crises. COVID-19 patients can suffer from mental distress, partly resulting from quarantine restrictions, and therefore, there is dire need for mental counseling. The combination of previously used broad-spectrum antibiotics, antiviral and anti-parasite agents, and interferon have reduced viral infection at higher and frequent doses. Many patients have been discharged after clinical recovery, though COVID-19 can still leave severe adverse effects on patients. The use of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) has led to recovery of 90% of COVID-19 patients in China. The current review article highlights the current situation, the major causes which have led to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as strategical interventions to control the pandemic and cure infected patients.

Research articles

The effects of monocusp valve implantation and transannular patch angioplasty on pulmonary regurgitation and right ventricular failure after total correction of tetralogy of fallot

by Samadi M., Khoshfetrat M., Keykha A., Javadi S.

Summary: Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is often known as an acquired condition after surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the use of monocusp valve (MV) implantation and transannular patch (TAP) angioplasty on PR and right ventricular (RV) failure following surgery to repair TOF.

Research articles

Prophylactic treatment of ischemic stroke with Coffea arabica in rats: A preliminary study

by Khanum A., Shakir L., -ur-Rehman Z., Khan T., Najam K., Saeed N., Khan M., Nazeer A., Nazir T., Aslam S.

Summary: Ischemic stroke is the third leading cause of death worldwide. The purpose of the current study was to assess the preliminary effects of Coffea arabica (CA) in experimentally-induced stroke in an animal model in the context of neuroprotection. The study was also designed to document the prophylactic use of CA in patients experiencing stroke symptoms.

Research articles

The predictive value of vascular endothelial growth factor-A gene polymorphism for clinical outcomes among acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients: A single center prospective study

by Kutia I., Kopytsya M., Hilova Y., Petyunina O., Berezin A.

Summary: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiopoetic factor; its variability in circulating levels is mediated by expression of specific VEGF-A gene variants. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive role of VEGF-A gene polymorphism in clinical outcomes of STelevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients.

Case report

Association of a point mutation (m.9176T>G) of the MT-ATP6 gene with Leigh syndrome: A case report

by Khailany R., Gilani N., Ozaslan M., Safdar M., Al-Shamari I., Kanabe B., Saadat K., Homayounvash J., Monfaredan A., Al-Attar M., Arslan A.

Summary: Leigh Syndrome (LS) is an uncommon progressive neurodegenerative mitochondrial disorder. The condition is characterized by progressive mental and developmental disabilities (psychomotor regression) and commonly brings about death within a few years of diagnosis, more often due to respiratory failure. In a small number of patients the disorder does not manifest until adulthood. The principal indications of Leigh syndrome found in early stages typically are diarrhea, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), which disturbs eating. These problems usually result in powerlessness to develop and put on weight under the normal rate (failure to thrive). Serious movement and muscle problems are basic in Leigh syndrome. In this case report, we introduce the molecular and clinical features of a 19-year-old female as proband, and also, we study other members of the family consequently. The m.9176T>G heteroplasmic mutation in the MT-ATP6 gene was detected by high-resolution melt (HRM) and DNA sequencing techniques. Similarly, the m.9176T>G was heteroplasmic in the mother. In conclusion, this report in compliance with previous studies underlines the necessity of further research on prenatal distinguishing proof of the responsible mutations and avoidance of the disease in families with known cases.

Short Communication

Comparison between preoperative and post-operative administration of paracetamol, ibuprofen and mefenamic acid for post-extraction pain control

by Kumar G., Shu-Lyn C., Win G., Sie L., Lakman N., F., Haque N.

Summary: Pain is a common aftereffect following a dental treatment, especially extractions. Hence, the main aim of the study was to compare the effect of pre-operative and post-operative analgesic usage on post-operative pain management following dental treatment. Moreover, the efficacies of three types of painkillers (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen and Mefenamic Acid) in pain relief were also evaluated. Volunteers (n = 120) who were undergoing extraction participated in this study and were randomly divided into two groups. One group consisting of 60 participants were given pre- and post-operative analgesics while another group (n = 60) received post-operative analgesics only. A visual scale was used to record pain from zero to 56 hours post-operatively at 8-hour intervals. The results showed that patients who were taking analgesics pre-operatively experienced significantly (p = 0.0045) less pain compared to those who had taken post-operative analgesics only However, a lower cumulative number of moderate and severe experiences of post-extraction pain was recorded for the pre- and post-operative analgesic treatment groups as compared to the postoperative only analgesic treatment group; no significant differences were observed. Moreover, no significant differences were observed among the analgesics used in this study as well. On the basis of these results, we conclude that preoperative analgesic usage has a positive impact on postextraction acute pain management.

Research articles

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and hypouricemic effects of GT1 film-coated tablets on experimental animals

by Tuyen P., Huyen T., Phong P., Thong N., Hang D., Anh P.

Summary: To evaluate pain relief, anti-inflammatory and hypouricemic effects of GT1 tablets on experimental animals.

Research articles

Acalypha wilkesiana ‘inferno’ hydroethanolic leaf extract has protective effect on carbon tetrachloride-induced subacute toxicity in animals

by Larbie C., Emikpe B., Oyagbemi A., Nyarko R., Jarikre T., Adjei C., Aseidu E.

Summary: Liver fibrosis is one of the most common clinical manifestations of hepatic diseases. However, though many synthetic drugs exist for the treatment and prevention of liver diseases, liver injuries still persist. The present study, therefore, sought to investigate the subacute protective effects of Acalphya wilkesiana against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced toxicity in animals.

Research articles

Investigating the histopathological effects of saffron petal (Crocus Sativus L.) hydroalcoholic extract on kidney and liver functional parameters in rats

by Azizi M., Ahmadi M., Mohamadpour M., Daemi A., Asadi S., Shirzadpour E., Amraei M.

Summary: Saffron is one of the main food products in Iran, and its countless medicinal properties have been used widely in traditional medicine. Many studies conducted and reported in the literature have shown that plant-based medicines, such as chemical drugs, may also have unexpected side effects. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the histopathological effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of the saffron petal (HAESP) on the liver and kidney, particularly on their functional parameters in rats.


 

 

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Editors' quote

 


Phuc Van Pham, Editor-in-Chief

Biomedical Science is an important scientific field that directly effects to diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. The journal provides an important avenue of publication in translational aspects of biomedical research and therapy spanning from in vitro to preclinical studies, clinical research and commercialization.
 
 

Affiliation

Biomedical Research and Therapy (ISSN 2198-4093) is the official journal of Stem Cell Institute, University of Science, VNUHCM, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam.
 
 
 

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